Is marriage registration mandatory in India?

Marriage is a legally binding union between two individuals, and its registration is an important aspect of this union. In India, the question of whether marriage registration is mandatory has been a topic of debate for many years.

Under the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955, Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, and Jain marriages must be registered to be considered legally valid. This act requires that the couple provide proof of their identity and marriage, and that the marriage is solemnized in accordance with Hindu customs and traditions. In addition, the couple must provide two witnesses who can attest to the fact that the marriage took place.

The Special Marriage Act of 1954 governs marriages between individuals who belong to different religions, or who do not wish to be governed by the Hindu Marriage Act. This act also requires that the marriage be registered, and the couple must provide proof of identity, age, and consent from both parties.

For Muslims, marriage registration is not mandatory under the personal laws that govern their marriages, but it is advisable to register the marriage as it provides legal protection and evidence of the marriage.

In conclusion, while marriage registration is not mandatory for all marriages in India, it is highly recommended as it provides legal recognition and protection to the couple. Additionally, registered marriages make it easier to obtain visas, inheritance rights, and to resolve disputes in the future. By registering their marriage, couples can ensure that their union is recognized and protected under the law.

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